Download Baby Weight Growth Chart By Week 1 for Free

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INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILD FEEDING (UPTO 2 YEARS)
Breastfeeding is the best way to satisfy the nutritional and psychological needs of the
baby. Mother’s milk (breast milk, human milk) contains all nutrients in correct proportions
necessary for the growth and development of the baby. The human milk has inherent anti-
infective properties which no other milk has, this protective function of human milk is
particularly important in India where exposure to infections is common.
Early initiation of breastfeeding is extremely important for establishing successful
lactation as well as for providing colostrum (mothers’ first milk) to the baby. Ideally, the baby
should receive the first breastfeed as soon as possible and preferably within half an hour of birth.
It is essential that the baby gets the first breast-milk called colostrum which is thicker and
yellowish than later milk and comes only in small amount in the first few days. Colostrum is
good for the baby; it will take care of the first hunger. Colostrum is all the food and fluid needed
at this time –no supplements are necessary, not even water.
The amount of milk secreted increases gradually in the first few days after delivery, reaching
the peak during the second month, at which level it is maintained until about 6 months of age.
Many essential components are in concentrated amounts in colostrum as compared to mature
milk, compensating for the low output during early lactation. Breast-milk provides good quality
proteins, fat, vitamins, calcium, iron and other minerals even beyond four months. In fact, quality
of some of the nutrients can be improved by supplementing the diet of the mother with nutrients.
Growth performance of majority of the breast-fed infants is satisfactory up to 6 months of age.
Breast feeding is associated with better cognitive development possibly due to the high content
of docosahexaeonic acid (DHA) which plays an important role in brain development.
What are the advantages of breast-milk?
Breast-milk contains all essential nutrients needed for the infant; it provides the best nutrition
and protects the infant from infections.
Breast-milk is a natural food and is more easily digested and absorbed by the infant as
compared to formula milk prepared from other sources.
Baby Weight Growth Chart By Week 1
source: nutritionsocietyindia.org
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