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Annotated Bibliography Guide
What is an annotated bibliography?
An organised list of resources cited in the correct referencing style (UOW author/date
Followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph - the annotation.
What does an annotated bibliography normally include?
Annotated bibliographies normally consist of an evaluation of the resource, considering the
following aspects:
AUTHORITY- Who wrote it? What are their credentials? (i.e. PhD, Professor, unqualified
AUDIENCE - Who are the intended audience – eg. Researchers? Students? Consumers?
USEFULNESS - How useful is it to your paper? eg. Is it a research article? Is it too
scientific for your needs? Is it too general?
COMPARISON - Is it similar to another work or in contrast to another work/author?
CONCLUSIONS - Have the author(s) made any conclusions? What methods were used for
LIMITATIONS - Are there any limitations in the work/methods/conclusions?
Example Annotated Bibliography: using UOW Author- Date (Harvard) referencing style
Trevor, CO, Lansford, B & Black, JW 2004, ‘Employee turnover and job performance: monitoring
the influences of salary growth and promotion’, Journal of Armchair Psychology, vol.113, no.1,
In this article Trevor et al. review the influences of pay and job opportunities in respect to job
performance, turnover rates and employee motivation. The authors use data gained through
organisational surveys of blue-chip companies in Vancouver, Canada to try to identify the main
causes of employee turnover and whether it is linked to salary growth. Their research focuses on
assessing a range of pay structures such as pay for performance and organisational reward
schemes. The article is useful to my research topic, as Trevor et al. suggest that there are
numerous reasons for employee turnover and variances in employee motivation and performance.
The main limitation of the article is that the survey sample was restricted to mid-level management,
thus the authors indicate that further, more extensive, research needs to be undertaken to develop
a more in-depth understanding of employee turnover and job performance. This article will not form
the basis of my research; however it will be useful supplementary information for my research on
pay structures.
Further Guides to Annotated Bibliographies:
Writing an annotated bibliography (QUT Library)
How to prepare an annotated bibliography (Cornell University Libraries)
How do I write an annotated bibliography? (CSU)
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