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VERBALIZATIONS FOR CURSIVE LETTERS
You will use verbal instructions – verbalizations – in the introductory lesson for each new letter.
Use the verbalizations: while you demonstrate on the board how to write the letter, and while your
students trace the large model of the letter in their handwriting books. By the subsequent page,
on which the children trace small models of the letter, you can stop giving verbal instructions
for that letter.
In future lessons, you may need to repeat some verbalizations – or parts of some verbalizations – to
help students who are having difﬁculty forming letters. For example, to help a child who is
having trouble writing the letter d in the correct direction, remind him or her, d is a two o’clock
What follows are some suggested verbalizations for the lower case letters. You do not need to
memorize these verbalizations, but you may ﬁnd them useful as a reference. When it comes time
to teach the capital letters, use your own verbalizations. Just remember to always emphasize the
starting line and directional changes for each letter.
Note: Children do not need to repeat the verbalizations aloud – just the name of each letter as
Two O’Clock Letters
Teach children that when they hear two o’clock, they should swing up and over to two o’clock,
stop, and go back toward the green line.
= two o’clock and sit it on the writing line
= two o’clock, close the circle and down
= two o’clock, close the circle, all the way up and down
= two o’clock, close the circle, pull straight down, to the green and cross at the
= two o’clock, close the circle, pull straight down, away from the green to the and
(Make sure the children can write a
before teaching .)